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UPSC OPTIONAL 2022 PAPER 1 GEOGRAPHY WITH DETAILED ANSWERS AND COMPLETE SOLVED SOLUTIONS




Geography paper I UPSC
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2022

UPSC GEOGRAPHY PAPER I


SECTION 'A'

1. Answer the following in 150 words each.

(A) Define 'speleothem’. Discuss the various forms and features of speleothems.

(b) What are the high-altitude environmental hazards? Explain with suitable examples.

(c) What is a pollution dome? Discuss its formation and impacts.

(d) When corals are affected by stress it causes them to turn completely white. Explain the reasons for such an occurrence.

(e) Well-developed soils typically exhibit distinct layers in their soil profile. Elaborate.



2.(a) Sequential changes in land use and land cover have brought global and regional ecological changes and imbalances. Elucidate.

(b) Explain how various aspects of channel morphology are used in transportation, settlement, and land use planning, flood control, and flood management.

(c) What is the relationship between ocean currents and global surface wind systems? Explain with examples how the gyre in the Northern Hemisphere differs from the one in the Southern Hemisphere.



3.(a)Plants and animals that exist in a particular ecosystem are those that have been successful in adjusting to their habitat and environmental conditions. Elucidate with examples

(b) With suitable examples describe the impacts of movement of airmasses on weather and winds in different parts of the continents.

(c) Discuss the role of Slope, Altitude, and Relief (SAR) in landscape development






4.(a) Rise of surface temperature brings severe consequences. Elaborate the potential changes and threats associated with it in the world

(b) Describe how short-term variations in temperature are related to the processes of

receiving energy from the sun to the Earth's surface and dissipating it to the atmosphere?

(c) With the help of suitable sketches describe the mountain genesis and mountain types.

Give suitable examples from various mountain systems of the world.


SECTION 'B'

Answer the following in about 150 words each


5.(a) Analyse the effect of Globalisation on languages

(b)"Shifting global trade patterns create new opportunities” Examine this statement.

(c). Examine the morphological factors that influence the origin and growth of the town

(d) Discuss the role of transportation accessibility in regional development.

(e)Explain the geometrical boundaries with examples.



6.(a) "Culture is a dynamic concept". Elucidate with examples.

(b) "Automation is rapidly changing the economies of labor and will affect trade

patterns in significant ways". Clarify "

(c) "Overcrowding leads to the chronic problem of shortage of housing in Indian cities", Explain citing relevant examples



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