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WBCS Exe Etc Exam Main Optional Subject Political Science Syllabus





Paper – I :


Group – A


Western Political Thought – Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Rousseau, Bentham, J. S. Mill, Marx


Indian Political Thought – Kautilya, Rammohan Roy, Vivekananda, Syed Ahmed Khan, Rabindranath, Gandhi, Ambedkar.


Political Concepts – State, Civil Society, Government, Governance, Power, Authority, Nation, Nationalism, Internationalism.


Political IdeasRights, Duties, Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rule of Law, People Participation.

Political Ideologies – Liberalism, Democratic Socialism, Feminism, Terrorism.


Different aspects of Democracy – Meaning and Theories of Democracy; Direct vs Representative Democracy; Electoral System; Electoral Reforms.


Political Process – Party System, Single Party, Bi Party, and Multi Party Systems; National Parties and Regional Parties; Lobbyists and Pressure Groups.


Forms of Government – Dictatorial vs Democratic; Totalitarian vs Liberal. Presidential vs Parliamentary, Unitary vs Federal.

Social Movements – Environmental movements, Women’s movements, Human rights movements.


Group-B


Basic features of Indian ConstitutionConstituent assembly, Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Nature of Indian Federation, Centre-State relations, Legislative, Executive and Financial-Fiscal dimensions, Evolving political trends.


Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles


Fundamental duties – Constitutional provisions and judicial interpretations regarding fundamental rights, Concept of human rights.

Union Legislature – Composition, Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Functioning of the Committee System.


Union Executive – President, Vice President – Election, Position, Functions, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Relationship between President and Prime Minister.


The Judiciary – Supreme Court and the High Courts, Composition and Functions, Judicial review and Judicial activism, Public interest litigations, Judicial reforms.


Government in the StatesGovernor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Position and Functions.


State Legislature – Composition and Functions, Relation between president and prime minister.

Local Government and Politics – Panchayati Raj: Evaluation, Structure, Powers and Functions, Municipal Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th amendments; Role of women, SCs & STs in Local Government.

Bureaucracy – Classical administration and Development Administration; Changing role of bureaucracy in Post-Colonial India, “Representative” bureaucracy, Issues of bureaucratic accountability.


Social Processes – Role of Peasants and Workers in Indian Politics; Role of Interest / Pressure Groups; Regionalism, Casteism, Linguism and Communalism in Indian Politics; Issues of Criminalisation, Corruption; Citizens’ movements.


Paper – II :


Public Administration and International Relations


Group – A


Public Administration.


Theories of Administration – Scientific Management, Classical Theory, Weber’s theory of bureaucracy, Positivism, Riggsian Model of Echological Approach to Public Administration.


Forms of Public Organizations – Ministries and Departments; Corporations, Boards and Commissions. Principles of Organization – (a) Hierachy (b) Unity of Command (c) Span of Control (d) Authority (e) Centralization, Decentralization and Delegation, (f) Line and Staff.


Processes of administration – (a) Decision – making and Policy Formulation (b) Communication and Control (c) Leadership (d) Co-ordination.

Accountability and Control – Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over administration; Role of Civil Society; Collective security,Public opinion and Media; Right to Information; Administrative Corruption; Grievance Redressal Machineries like Ombudsman.

Development Administration – Evolution of the Concept; Basic features.

Control of Public Expenditure – Parliamentary Control, Control of Parliamentary Committees;


Indian Administration – Continuity and Charge – brief historical outline.


Recruitment and Training of Civil Servants in India – Role of Union and State Public Service Commissions and Training Institution.


Organization of the Union Government in India – PMO, Cabinet Secretariat, Secretariat Administration.


Organization of the State Governments in India – Chief Secretary – Relationship between Secretariats and Directorates.


District Administration in India – Changing role of District Officers, Sub-divisional Officers & Block Officer; their interfaces with Local Self Government.


Group-B


International Relations


Some Basic Concepts of International Relations – (a) Balance of Power (b) Collective Security (c) Bipolarity and Unipolarity (d) Neo-Colonialism (e) Globalization.


Foreign Policy – Concept and Techniques; Determinants of foreign policy.


Evolution of World Politics – League of Nations; United Nations; Cold War; Detente; Collapse of the Soviet Union; Regional Integrations; International Terrorism.


Non-Alignment – Evolution of the Movement and Role of India.


Major Issues in Indian Foreign Policy – Sino-Indian relations, Indo-Pak conflicts and the liberation of Bangladesh, developments in Sri Lanka, Indian role in promoting regional cooperation throughS.A.A.R.C., the Kashmir question and India becoming a nuclear power. India and South East Asia;Legitimacy , India’s relations with U.S.A., China, Japan & Russia. India on the question of nuclear weapon.


India and the U.N.system- India’s role in U.N. peace keeping and global disarmament. India and the emerging international economic order.

Recent Global Issues – Egypt, Lebanon and Lybia.



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